Essential Fish Habitat (EFH)/Pacific Coast Salmon Plan

Available as - [Outline] - [SGML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Publication_Date: On-line
Title: Essential Fish Habitat (EFH)/Pacific Coast Salmon Plan
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Text; Tables Delivery Format: On-line
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC)
Other_Citation_Details:
Cite as follows: DRAFT PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS ESSENTIAL FISH HABITAT PACIFIC SALMON FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN, National Marine Fisheries Service, March 26, 1998.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.psmfc.org/efh.html>
Description:
Abstract:
This site contains two on-line documents, both of which include several tables of related information:

1) Draft Proposed Recommendations Essential Fish Habitat Pacific Salmon Fishery Management Plan, National Marine Fisheries Service, March 26, 1998

and

2) Appendix A: Description and Identification of Essential Fish Habitat, Adverse Impacts and Recommended Conservation Measures for Salmon; Amendment 14 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Plan, Pacific Fishery Management Council, January 1999

Background on these documents is posted on the web site as follows:

"The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Act) was originally passed in 1976. This Act provided the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) legislative authority for fisheries regulation in the United States, in the area between three miles to 200 miles offshore and established the eight regional fishery management councils (Councils) that manage the harvest of fish and shellfish resources in these waters. The Pacific Fishery Management Council covers the area offshore of the states of California, Oregon, and Washington, while the North Pacific Council manages Alaska’s fishery resources. Councils prepare Fishery Management Plans (FMPs) to govern their management activities which are submitted to NMFS for approval.

In 1996, the Act was reauthorized and changed extensively by amendments called the Sustainable Fisheries Act (SFA). Among other changes, these amendments are intended to emphasize the importance of habitat protection to healthy fisheries and to strengthen the ability of the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Councils to protect the habitat needed by the fish they manage. This habitat is called "Essential Fish Habitat" and is broadly defined to include "those waters and substrate necessary to fish for spawning, breeding, feeding, or growth to maturity."

The first document, "Draft Proposed Recommendations Essential Fish Habitat Pacific Salmon Fishery Management Plan", defines Essential Fish Habitat as follows:

"EFH is the aquatic habitat necessary to allow for salmon production needed to support a long-term sustainable salmon fishery and salmon contributions to a healthy ecosystem. The salmon fishery EFH includes all those streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and other water bodies currently or historically accessible to salmon in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and California. In the estuarine and marine areas, salmon EFH extends from the nearshore and tidal submerged environments to 60 km offshore of Washington, Oregon and California north of Point Conception. Foreign waters (i.e., off Canada) are not included in salmon EFH because they are outside U.S. jurisdiction. The Pacific coast salmon fishery EFH also includes the marine areas off Alaska designated as salmon EFH by the North Pacific Fishery Management Council. The geographic extent of freshwater EFH is specifically defined as all waters currently or historically accessible to salmon within the United States Geological Survey (USGS) hydrologic units identified in Table I-1. Salmon EFH excludes areas upstream of longstanding naturally impassible barriers (i.e., natural waterfalls in existence for several hundred years). Salmon EFH includes aquatic areas above all artificial barriers except those listed in Table I-2. In the future, should salmon access or reintroduction above any of the dams listed in Table I-2 become technologically and economically feasible, these areas would be designated as salmon EFH."

In addition to descriptions of EFH for various species of salmon, descriptions of adverse effects on salmon EFH and recommended conservation measures, and a list of references, this document includes the following tables:

Table I-1. Pacific salmon freshwater EFH identified by USGS hydrologic unit number.

Table I-2. Tentative list of man-made barriers under consideration for exclusion of EFH above such barriers. The salmon fishery EFH will exclude historic habitat above barriers that are considered to not be technologically and economically feasible for salmonid passage and/or re-establishment of self-sustaining runs above such barriers.

Table II.A.-1. Chinook salmon habitat use by life history stage.

Table II.B-1. Coho salmon habitat use by life history stage.

Table II.C-1. Pink salmon habitat use by life stage

Table II.D-1. Sockeye salmon habitat use by life history stage

Table II.E-1. Current and historic salmon distribution as defined by USGS hydrologic units (Superscripted numbers indicate salmon species present: 1=Chinook, 2=Coho 3=Puget Sound Pink, and 4= Puget Sound Sockeye. Unit # designates USGS Hydrological Unit Code. C/H indicates whether salmon distribution is current habitat (C), inaccessible historic (H), or currently accessible but unutilized historic habitat (H*)

Table II.F-1. Selected databases on salmon distribution and habitat evaluated for EFH mapping and identification. Abbreviations follow table.

Table III-1. Gear Types Used In Salmon EFH (adapted from PFMC 1997)

Table III-2. FISHING ACTIVITIES UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF PFMC THAT MAY AFFECT ESSENTIAL FISH HABITAT

TABLE III-3. Summary of Major Habitat Concerns During Each Stage Of The Salmon’s Life Cycle

TABLE III-4. ACTIONS LIKELY TO EFFECT SALMON HABITAT AND THE HABITAT COMPONENTS LIKELY TO BE ALTERED

TABLE III-5. HOW HABITAT ALTERATION AFFECTS PACIFIC SALMON

TABLE III-6. DESIRED HABITAT CONDITIONS

The second document, published in 1999, contains amendments to the document described above.

-- SJB

Supplemental_Information:
Metadata Contact: Sara Breslow Location: Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California Date Explanation: These are documents concerning the Pacific Coast Salmon Plan. Dates refer to publication dates. Location refers to general applicable geographic area. Temporal Resolution: Not Applicable Spatial Resolution: Not Applicable Access Notes: On-line documents are drafts. Final versions, with limited modification, are available from pacific Marine Fishery Council (PFMC).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19980326
Ending_Date: 19990100
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Unknown
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -125.58
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -111.24
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.448
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.334
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Biology
Theme_Keyword: Fishes
Theme_Keyword: Habitat
Theme_Keyword: Distribution and Abundance
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Ecosystem
Theme_Keyword: All Ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: Habitat Types
Theme_Keyword: Human Impacts
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Economics
Theme_Keyword: Fishing and Marine Harvest Industry
Theme_Keyword: Environmental Impacts
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Essential Fish Habitat Descriptions
Theme_Keyword: Fishing Activities Affecting Salmon Essential Fish Habitat
Theme_Keyword: Nonfishing Activities Affecting Salmon Essential Fish Habitat
Theme_Keyword: Agriculture
Theme_Keyword: Artificial Propagation of Fish and Shellfish
Theme_Keyword: Bank Stabilization
Theme_Keyword: Beaver Removal and Habitat Alteration
Theme_Keyword: Construction
Theme_Keyword: Dam Construction
Theme_Keyword: Urbanization
Theme_Keyword: Dam Operation
Theme_Keyword: Dredged Spoil Disposal
Theme_Keyword: Estuarine Alteration
Theme_Keyword: Forestry
Theme_Keyword: Grazing
Theme_Keyword: Habitat Restoration Projects
Theme_Keyword: Irrigation Water Withdrawal, Storage and Management
Theme_Keyword: Mineral Mining
Theme_Keyword: Introduction and Spread of Nonnative Species
Theme_Keyword:
Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration, Drilling and Transportation Activities
Theme_Keyword: Road Building and Maintenance
Theme_Keyword: Sand and Gravel Mining
Theme_Keyword: Vessel Operations
Theme_Keyword: Wastewater Discharge
Theme_Keyword: Pollutant Discharge
Theme_Keyword: Wetland and Floodplain Alteration
Theme_Keyword: Removal of Woody Debris From Rivers and Estuaries
Theme_Keyword: Chinook Salmon
Theme_Keyword: Coho Salmon
Theme_Keyword: Puget Sound Pink Salmon
Theme_Keyword: Puget Sound Sockeye Salmon
Theme_Keyword: Recommended Conservation Measures
Theme_Keyword: Harvest of Prey Species
Theme_Keyword: Removal of Salmon Carcasses
Theme_Keyword: Gear Effects
Theme_Keyword: Redd or Juvenile Fish Disturbance
Theme_Keyword: Effects of Vessel Operation
Theme_Keyword: Gear Types
Theme_Keyword: Life History Stage
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: California
Place_Keyword: Idaho
Place_Keyword: Oregon
Place_Keyword: Washington
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Coon
Contact_Organization: Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC)
Contact_Position: Salmon Management Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address: 2130 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 224
City: Portland
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (503)326-6352
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (503)326-6831
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
John.Coon@noaa.gov Web Address: <http://www.pcouncil.org>

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Coon
Contact_Organization: Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC)
Contact_Position: Salmon Management Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address: 2130 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 224
City: Portland
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (503)326-6352
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (503)326-6831
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
John.Coon@noaa.gov Web Address: <http://www.pcouncil.org>

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19991115
Metadata_Review_Date:
Metadata_Future_Review_Date:
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Coon
Contact_Organization: Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC)
Contact_Position: Salmon Management Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address: 2130 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 224
City: Portland
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (503)326-6352
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (503)326-6831
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
John.Coon@noaa.gov Web Address: <http://www.pcouncil.org>

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