1) Draft Proposed Recommendations Essential Fish Habitat Pacific Salmon Fishery Management Plan, National Marine Fisheries Service, March 26, 1998
2) Appendix A: Description and Identification of Essential Fish Habitat, Adverse Impacts and Recommended Conservation Measures for Salmon; Amendment 14 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Plan, Pacific Fishery Management Council, January 1999
Background on these documents is posted on the web site as follows:
"The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Act) was originally passed in 1976. This Act provided the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) legislative authority for fisheries regulation in the United States, in the area between three miles to 200 miles offshore and established the eight regional fishery management councils (Councils) that manage the harvest of fish and shellfish resources in these waters. The Pacific Fishery Management Council covers the area offshore of the states of California, Oregon, and Washington, while the North Pacific Council manages Alaska’s fishery resources. Councils prepare Fishery Management Plans (FMPs) to govern their management activities which are submitted to NMFS for approval.
In 1996, the Act was reauthorized and changed extensively by amendments called the Sustainable Fisheries Act (SFA). Among other changes, these amendments are intended to emphasize the importance of habitat protection to healthy fisheries and to strengthen the ability of the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Councils to protect the habitat needed by the fish they manage. This habitat is called "Essential Fish Habitat" and is broadly defined to include "those waters and substrate necessary to fish for spawning, breeding, feeding, or growth to maturity."
The first document, "Draft Proposed Recommendations Essential Fish Habitat Pacific Salmon Fishery Management Plan", defines Essential Fish Habitat as follows:
"EFH is the aquatic habitat necessary to allow for salmon production needed to support a long-term sustainable salmon fishery and salmon contributions to a healthy ecosystem. The salmon fishery EFH includes all those streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and other water bodies currently or historically accessible to salmon in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and California. In the estuarine and marine areas, salmon EFH extends from the nearshore and tidal submerged environments to 60 km offshore of Washington, Oregon and California north of Point Conception. Foreign waters (i.e., off Canada) are not included in salmon EFH because they are outside U.S. jurisdiction. The Pacific coast salmon fishery EFH also includes the marine areas off Alaska designated as salmon EFH by the North Pacific Fishery Management Council. The geographic extent of freshwater EFH is specifically defined as all waters currently or historically accessible to salmon within the United States Geological Survey (USGS) hydrologic units identified in Table I-1. Salmon EFH excludes areas upstream of longstanding naturally impassible barriers (i.e., natural waterfalls in existence for several hundred years). Salmon EFH includes aquatic areas above all artificial barriers except those listed in Table I-2. In the future, should salmon access or reintroduction above any of the dams listed in Table I-2 become technologically and economically feasible, these areas would be designated as salmon EFH."
In addition to descriptions of EFH for various species of salmon, descriptions of adverse effects on salmon EFH and recommended conservation measures, and a list of references, this document includes the following tables:
Table I-1. Pacific salmon freshwater EFH identified by USGS hydrologic unit number.
Table I-2. Tentative list of man-made barriers under consideration for exclusion of EFH above such barriers. The salmon fishery EFH will exclude historic habitat above barriers that are considered to not be technologically and economically feasible for salmonid passage and/or re-establishment of self-sustaining runs above such barriers.
Table II.A.-1. Chinook salmon habitat use by life history stage.
Table II.B-1. Coho salmon habitat use by life history stage.
Table II.C-1. Pink salmon habitat use by life stage
Table II.D-1. Sockeye salmon habitat use by life history stage
Table II.E-1. Current and historic salmon distribution as defined by USGS hydrologic units (Superscripted numbers indicate salmon species present: 1=Chinook, 2=Coho 3=Puget Sound Pink, and 4= Puget Sound Sockeye. Unit # designates USGS Hydrological Unit Code. C/H indicates whether salmon distribution is current habitat (C), inaccessible historic (H), or currently accessible but unutilized historic habitat (H*)
Table II.F-1. Selected databases on salmon distribution and habitat evaluated for EFH mapping and identification. Abbreviations follow table.
Table III-1. Gear Types Used In Salmon EFH (adapted from PFMC 1997)
Table III-2. FISHING ACTIVITIES UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF PFMC THAT MAY AFFECT ESSENTIAL FISH HABITAT
TABLE III-3. Summary of Major Habitat Concerns During Each Stage Of The Salmon’s Life Cycle
TABLE III-4. ACTIONS LIKELY TO EFFECT SALMON HABITAT AND THE HABITAT COMPONENTS LIKELY TO BE ALTERED
TABLE III-5. HOW HABITAT ALTERATION AFFECTS PACIFIC SALMON
TABLE III-6. DESIRED HABITAT CONDITIONS
The second document, published in 1999, contains amendments to the document described above.