IMAGE 45123D81

Available as - [Outline] - [SGML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 19981028
Title: IMAGE 45123D81
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image (tif)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston,VA
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey

Description:
Abstract:
Digital orthophotoquad of the northwest quadrant of the Netarts,OR 7.5 minute quadrangle, including the city of Oceanside. Orthophotos combine the image characteristics of a photograph with the geometric qualities of a map. The primary digital orthophotoquad (DOQ) is a 1-meter ground resolution, quarter-quadrangle (3.75-minutes of latitude by 3.75-minutes of longitude) image. The geographic extent of the DOQ is equivalent to a quarter- quad plus The overedge ranges a minimum of 50 meters to a maximum of 300 meters beyond the extremes of the primary and secondary corner points. The overedge is included to facilitate tonal matching for mosaicking and for the placement of the NAD83 and secondary datum corner ticks. The normal orientation of data is by lines (rows) and samples (columns). Eachline contains a series of pixels ordered from west to east with the order of the lines from north to south. The radiometric image brightness values are stored as 256 gray levels ranging from 0 to 255.
Purpose:
DOQ's serve a variety of purposes, from interim maps to field references for earth science investigations and analysis. The DOQ is useful as a layer of a geographic information system and as a tool for revision of digital line graphs and topographic maps.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 19940904
Currentness_Reference:

Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned

Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:
East_Bounding_Coordinate:
North_Bounding_Coordinate:
South_Bounding_Coordinate:

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: OR
Place_Keyword: Oregon
Place_Keyword: Tillamook Basin
Place_Keyword: Netarts

Access_Constraints: none

Use_Constraints: see Distribution_Liability

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Madison Suite #4
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 97333
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: unknown
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: unknown

Data_Set_Credit:

Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Windows_NT, 4.0, ARC/INFO version 7.2.1


Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
During photographic reproduction of the source photography, limited analog dodging is performed to improve image quality. Analog dodging consists of holding back light from certain areas of the sensitized photographic material to avoid overexposure. The diapositive is inspected to insure clarity and radiometric uniformity. Diapositive image brightness values are collected with a minimum of image quality manipulation. Image brightness values may deviate from brightness values of the original imagery due to image value interpolation during the scanning and rectification processes. Radiometry is verified by visual inspection of the digital orthophoto quadrangle with the original unrectified image to determine if the digital orthophoto has the same or better image quality as the original unrectified input image. Slight systematic radiometric differences can be detected between adjacent DOQ files due primarily to differences in source photography capture dates and sun angles of aerial photography along flight lines. These differences can be observed in an image's general lightness or darkness when compared to adjacent DOQ file coverages.

Logical_Consistency_Report:
All DOQ header data and image file sizes are validated by the Tape Validation System (TVS) software prior to archiving in the National Digital Cartographic Data Base (NDCDB). This validation procedure assures correct physical format and field values for header record elements. Logical relationships between header record elements are tested.

Completeness_Report:
All DOQ imagery is visually inspected for completeness to ensure that no gaps, or image misplacement exist in the 3.75' image area or in overedge coverage. DOQ images may be derived by mosaicking multiple images, in order to insure complete coverage. All DOQ's are cloud free within the 3.75' image area. Some clouds may, very infrequently, be encountered only in the overedge coverage. Source photography is leaf-off in deciduous vegetation regions. Void areas having a radiometric value of zero and appearing black may exist. These are areas for which no photographic source is available or result from image transformation from other planimetric systems to the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM). In the latter case, the void sliver areas are on the outside edges of the overedge area. The data set field content of each DOQ header record element is validated to assure completeness prior to archiving in the NDCDB.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The DOQ horizontal positional accuracy and the assurance of that accuracy depend, in part, on the accuracy of the data inputs to the rectification process. These inputs consist of the digital elevation model (DEM),aerotriangulation control and methods, the photo source camera calibration, scanner calibration, and aerial photographs that meet National Aerial Photography Program (NAPP) standards. The vertical accuracy of the verified USGS format DEM is equivalent to or better than a USGS level 1 or 2 DEM, with a root mean square error (RMSE) of no greater than 7.0 meters. Field control is acquired by third order class 1 or better survey methods sufficiently spaced to meet National Map Accuracy Staandards (NMAS) for 1:12,000-scale products. Aerial cameras have current certification from the USGS, National Mapping Division, Optical Science Laboratory. Test calibration scans are performed on all source photography scanners.
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: unknown
Title: digital elevation model
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: cartridge tape
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19880805
Ending_Date: present
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: DEM1
Source_Contribution:
Elevation data in the form of an ortho-DEM regridded to user-specified intervals and bounds.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date:
Title: photo ID number
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 40000
Type_of_Source_Media: cartridge tape
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: various
Ending_Date: various
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: PHOTO1
Source_Contribution:
Panchromatic black and white (or color infra-red) NAPP or NAPP-like photograph. NAPP photographs are centered on the DOQ coverage area.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: project ground and photo control
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: various media
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: various
Ending_Date: various
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: CONTROL_INPUT
Source_Contribution:
Horizontal and vertical control used to establish positions and elevations for reference and correlation purposes.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: report of calibration
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: disc, paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: various
Ending_Date: various
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Date of the camera calibration associated with the source photography
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: CAMERA_INPUT
Source_Contribution: camera calibration parameters
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The production procedures, instrumentation, hardware and software used in the collection of standard USGS DOQ's vary depending on systems used at the contract, cooperator or USGS production sites. The majority of DOQ datasets are acquired through government contract. The process step describes, in general, the process used in the production of standard USGS DOQ data sets.

The rectification process requires, as input, a user parameter file to control the rectification process, a digital elevation model (DEM1) gridded to user specified bounds, projection, zone, datum and X-Y units, a scanned digital image file (PHOTO1) covering the same area as the DEM, ground X-Y-Z point values (CONTROL_INPUT) and their conjugate photo coordinates in the camera coordinate system, and measurements of the fiducial marks (CAMERA_INPUT) in the digitized image.

The camera calibration report (CAMERA_INPUT) provides the focal length of the camera and the distances in millimeters from the camera's optical center to the camera's 8 fiducial marks. These marks define the frame of reference for spatial measurements made from the photograph. Ground control points (CONTROL_INPUT) acquired from ground surveys or developed in aerotriangulation, are third order class 1 or better, and meet National Map Accuracy Standard (NMAS) for 1:12,000-scale. Ground control points are in the Universal Transverse Mercator or the State Plane Coordinate System on NAD83. Horizontal and vertical residuals of aerotriangulated tie-points are equal to or less than 2.5 meters. Standard aerotriangulation passpoint configuration consists of 9 ground control points, one near each corner, one at the center near each side and 1 near the center of the photograph, are used. The conjugate positions of the ground control points on the photograph are measured and recorded in camera coordinates.

The raster image file (PHOTO_1) is created by scanning an aerial photograph film diapositive with a precision image scanner. An aperture of approximately 25 to 32 microns is used, with an aperture no greater than 32 microns permitted. Using 1:40,000-scale photographs, a 25-micron scan aperture equates to a ground resolution of 1-meter. The scanner converts the photographic image densities to gray scale values ranging from 0 to 255 for black and white photographs. Scan files with ground resolution less than 1 meter or greater than 1 meter but less than 1.28 meters are resampled to 1 meter.

The principal elevation data source (DEM1) are standard DEM datasets from the National Digital Cartographic Data Base (NDCDB). DEM's that meet USGS standards are also produced by contractors to fulfill DOQ production requirements and are subsequently archived in the NDCDB. All DEM data is equivalent to or better than USGS DEM standard level 1. The DEM used in the production of DOQ's generally has a 30-meter grid post spacing and possesses a vertical RMSE of 7-meters or less. A DEM covering the extent of the photograph is used for the rectification. The DEM is traversed from user-selected minimum to maximum X-Y values and the DEM X-Y-Z values are used to find pixel coordinates in the digitized photograph using transformations mentioned above. For each raster image cell subdivision, a brightness or gray-scale value is obtained using nearest neighbor, bilinear, or cubic convolution resampling of the scanned image. The pixel processing algorithm is indicated in the header file . An inverse transformation relates the image coordinates referenced to the fiducial coordinate space back to scanner coordinate space. For those areas for which a 7.5-minute DEM is unavailable and relief differences are less than 150 feet, a planar-DEM (slope-plane substitute grid) may be used.

Rectification Process: The photo control points and focal length are iteratively fitted to their conjugate ground control points using a single photo space resection equation. From this mathematical fit is obtained a rotation matrix of constants about the three axes of the camera. This rotation matrix can then be used to find the photograph or camera coordinates of any other ground X-Y-Z point. Next a two dimensional fit is made between the measured fiducial marks on the digitized photograph and their conjugate camera coordinates. Transformation constants are developed from the fit and the camera or photo coordinates are used in reverse to find their conjugate pixel coordiates on the digitized photograph.

Quality Control: All data is inspected according to a quality control plan. DOQ contractors must meet DOQ standards for attribute accuracy, logical consistency, data completeness and

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 7789
Column_Count: 5894


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Lambert Conformal Conic
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 43
Standard_Parallel: 45.5
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -120.5
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 41.75
False_Easting: 400000.00000
False_Northing: 0.00000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 4.283599853515
Ordinate_Resolution: 4.283599853515
Planar_Distance_Units: 3.2808400000
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378206.4
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 294.98

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:

Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: >
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: not available


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Tillamook Coastal Watershed Resource Center
Contact_Position: G.I.S. Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 6385 Tillamook Ave.
City: Bay City
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97107
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (503)377-4000
Contact_Instructions: Contact via email,mail,fax or telephone
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: requests@tcwrc.tbcc.cc.or.us

Distribution_Liability:
no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use with that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The Tillamook Coastal Watershed Resource Center shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19990407
Metadata_Review_Date: 20000101
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 19990229
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Tillamook Coastal Watershed Resource Center
Contact_Person: Ann Stark
Contact_Position: GIS Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 6385 Tillamook Ave.
City: Bay City
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97107
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (503)377-4000
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (503)377-4010
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: requests@tcwrc.tbcc.cc.or.us
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints: none

Generated by mp version 2.4.10 on Wed Jul 28 14:50:50 1999